21 Qatsimuuqqa?

Dialogue: What time is it?

Maagi:
Maanna qatsimuuqqa?ᒫᓐᓇ ᖃᑦᓯᒨᖅᑲ? What time is it now?
Maakusi:
2-muuliqtuq2-ᒨᓕᖅᑐᖅ. It is coming up on two o'clock.
Maagi:
Takijua qatsimuuqqa? ᑕᑭᔪᐊ ᖃᑦᓯᒨᖅᑲ? Where is the long hand?
Maakusi:
7-muuqtuq. Summat?7-ᒨᖅᑐᖅ. ᓱᒻᒪᑦ?It is at the seven. Why?
Maagi:
Kiinaujakkuvimmuurniarama 3-muuqqat. ᑮᓇᐅᔭᒃᑯᕕᒻᒨᕐᓂᐊᕋᒪ 3-ᒨᖅᑲᑦ.I have to go to the bank at 3.
Maakusi:
Aaha.ᐋᕼᐊ. I see.

Vocabulary

qatsimuuqqa?
What time is it?
uamuuqtuq
1 o'clock
uamuuliqtuq
from just after 12:30 to just before 1:00
uamiinngaaliqtuq
from just after 1:00 to 1:30
tuumuuqtuq
2 o'clock
tuumiinngaaliqtuq
from just after 2:00 to 2:30
taliimuuliqtuq
from just after 2:30 to just before 3:00
taliimuuqtuq
3 o'clock
puamuuqtuq
4 o'clock
paimuuqtuq
5 o'clock
satsimuuqtuq
6 o'clock
saipamuuqtuq
7 o'clock
iimuuqtuq
8 o'clock
naimuuqtuq
9 o'clock
tajamuuqtuq
10 o'clock
iliapamuuqtuq
11 o'clock
tuajamuuqtuq
12 o'clock
qulaani
noon
qatsimuuqqat?
at what time? (in the future)
takijua
long hand (clock)
naittua
short hand (clock)

Grammar

41 » Telling Time

To tell time in Inuktut, we use affixes that describe the motion of the hands around a clock. We use affixes that describe motion in relation to the hour that it is approcahing or the hour that has passed.

In the Aivilingmiutut dialect, to describe the hours of the clock, one uses roots that have been adopted from the English words for numbers, though the traditional Inuktut numbers are often used for 1 to 5:

uan / atausiq one
tuu / marruk two
talli / pingasut three
sitamat / pua four
tallimat / pai five
saksit six
saipan seven
iit eight
nain nine
tajan ten
iliavan eleven
tualu twelve

-muaq- is an affix used to talk about getting to someplace.  When telling time, we use the affix -muaq- to indicate that the little hand of the clock (naittua) has reached a certain hour.  Remember that -muaq- tis used after a root in the singular (in this case 1).   -nuaq- is the dual/plural form.  It is used with the roots for traditional Inuktut numbers (marruk, pingasut, sitamat, tallimat).  If the root is a borrowed word from English, -muaq-  is used for all the hourse (1 to 12).

atausirmuaqtuq / uamuaqtuq It's one o'clock.
marrungnuaqtuq / tuumuaqtuq It's two o'clock.
iliavamuaqtuq It’s eleven o’clock.

* We have spelled out the numbers so you have a sense of pronunciation.  In written Inuktitut, you would normally use a numeral:

1-muaqtuq 2-muaqtuq

-minngaaq- is an affix to describe coming from the place described by the root. By combining it with the affix -liq- we emphasize that short hand is actively moving away from the hour:

atausirminngaaliqtuq (1-minngaaliqtuq) It is after 1.
marungninngaaliqtuq (2-minngaaliqtuq) It is after 2.
tuajuminngaaliqtuq (12-minngaaliqtuq) It is after 12.

Anytime between the beginning of the hour until half past the hour, use -miinngaaliq- with the hour that has just been past. 

When we get to half past the hour, the naittua (short hand) is now on its way towards the next hour.  So we use the hour that is coming up with the affixes -muuq- + -liq-.  When they are put together, they indicate a motion that is underway but the ultimate destination has not been reached:

tuumualiqtuq It is going on 2 o’clock.
iliavamualiqtuq It is going on 11 o’clock.

This construction can be used for anytime after the half hour.

 

TIME IN THE FUTURE

Next, let's look at the ending -pat, which roughly means ‘when’ to talk about future events

Qapsimuapa? What time is it?
atausirmuaqtuq. It is 1:00.
Qapsimuaqpat At what time (will something be happening)?
atausirmuaqpat. At 1:00 (litterally, when it gets to 1).
atausirminngaaliqpat. After 1:00 (future).
atausirmualiqpat. Before 1:00 (future)

As you see in the examples above -pat can be used both to ask a question and to make a statement.