Grammar » -ut (affix)

The affixes -ut, -jut and -rut all express the idea of “an instrument used to…”

uqaala-to call someone
uqaalauta telephone
  
kaapiliuq-to make coffee
kaapiliuruta coffee maker
  
ilisai-  to study
ilisaijjuta lesson

 

Use the following rules when deciding which of the above affixes to use:

If the last syllable of the root has one vowel, delete the last consonant and add -ut
If the last syllable of the root has two vowels, delete the final consonant and add -jjut
If the last syllable of the root ends in q, the q changes to r before adding -ut

Important

If -ut, -jjut, or -rut are followed by any other endings, an i is added to make pronunciation easier:

 

kaapiliurut + taqaq + qa = kappiliurutitaqaqqa Is there a coffee maker?
titiraut + qaq + qit = titirautiqaqqit Do you have a pencil?