To compare people or things in English, we add the endings -er or -est to the end of an adjective:
The good news is that in Inuktitut, you do more or less the same thing:
The only trick is that you need to drop the -juq / -tuq ending from the basic form of the adjective before adding -niqsaq or -laaq.
When -niqsaq is added to a stem ending in t, it changes the final t to n:
Note that when -laaq is added to a stem ending in a consonant, it deletes the final consonant.
Remember that all of these words can be used - on their own- to describe someone in the third person (he/she/it). If we want to describe you or me, we have to add the verb -u /-ngu (to be) between the description and the verb ending:
|angilaaq ||the biggest|
|angilaaq||He / she / it is the biggest|
|angilaangujunga||I am the biggest|
|takiniqsaq||He / she / it is taller.|
|takiniqsaujutit||You are taller.|
To make a comparison, we then tack on the affix -mit to the person or thing to which a comparison is being made:
|Ilisapimit takiniqsaujunga.||I am taller than Ilisapi.|
Amaruq qimmirmit anginiqsaq.
|The wolf is bigger than the dog.|
Note that in the last sentence above, because we are comparing something in the third person, we don't need to add the u+juq ending. We can just say "anginiqsaq."
Keep in mind that when using personal pronouns to make comparisons, they follow an an irregular pattern:
|Uvannit takiniqsaujutit.||You are taller than me.|
| ilinnit ||than you|
|Kinali ilinnit takiniqsauva? ||(And) who is taller than you?|
|ilissik ||the two of you|
|ilissinnit||than the two of you|
|Ilissinnit nainniqsaujuguk.||We (2) are shorter than you (2).|