Grammar » 22 » Commands (The Imperative)

In Inuktut, you can tell someone to do something, or indicate something that you would like to happen by using an imperative verb ending.

-git is the verb ending used when you are speaking to one person:

niri- to eat
nirigit ! Eat!
   
qai- to come
qaigit ! Come here!

 

-git can be added directly to roots ending in vowels.  When it is added to roots ending in -k or -t, it deletes the final consonant:
tupak- to wake up
tupagit ! Wake up!
   
ingit- to sit down
ingigit Please, sit down.

 

With roots that end in -q, use -rit instead:

ulluq + qaq + ttiaq- to read 
ulluqattiarit ! Have a good day!

 

-gittik / -rittik is the verb ending used when talking to two people:

qaigittik ! Come here (you two)!
tupagittik ! Wake up (you two)!
ulluqattiarittik ! Have a good day (you two)!

-gitsi / -ritsi is the verb ending used when talking to three or more people:

qaigitsi ! Come here (all of you)!
tupagitsi ! Wake up (all of you)!
ulluqattiaritsik ! Have a good day (all of you)!

When telling someone to do something, there is often an object or another person involved. In which, case we use different endings:

qai- to come
qaigit Come here!
qaiguk Bring it here!

 

like -git, the first letter of -guk changes to r- when added to a stem ending in -q:

qiniq- to look for something
qiniruk Go look for it!

 

Finally, if you are talking about more than one object, the affix you use changes:

qaiguk Bring it here!
qaikkik Bring them (2) here!
qaikkit Bring them (3+) here!