Grammar » 48 » Emotions

Many verbs that describe a phyiscal or emotional sensation are followed by the affix -gusuk- or sometimes just -suk- :

quvia + suk + pit  
quviasuppit? Are you happy?
quviasuttunga I am happy.

 

Here are some other examples:

kappia + suk to be afraid
kappiasuttuuk The two of them are afraid.
   
kanngu + suk to feel embarrassed
kanngusuttuq She feels embarrassed
   
aukuni + gusuk to be a long time
akunigusuttut They feel like it has been a long time.
   
nalli + gusuk to feel love
nalligusuppa? Is she in love?
   
uppi + gusuk to feel pride
uppigusukkami because he is proud of something
   
pisuk + gusuk to feel like walking
pisugusuttunga I fell like walking.

 

Next, there is a more complex form of these verbs that takes a transitive verb ending to describe who or what is causing that emotion:
kappiagiviuk? Are you afraid of it?
nalligijaatit He loves you.
uppigijagit I am proud of you.

When a transitive verb ending is used, the affix -suk- is dropped and the verb -gi- is added to the root verb to create a link between different people. Here are some other examples of this construction:

quviagijara I like it; it makes me happy.
piugijara I like it.
piuginngittara I don’t like it.
kanngugijanga She makes him feel shy.

Note that -ri- is used after verb roots that end in -q :

mamaqtuq It tastes good.
mamarijanga It tastes good to her.

To express the above in the negative, the affix -ngit- is added just before the verb ending:

kanngusunngittutit You are not shy.
nalliginngittanga She does not love him.
Natsiminiq mamaginngittanga He does not enjoy the taste of the seal meat.