Grammar » subject of the verb

In Inuktut, we indicate who is performing an action by using an affix that appears (usually) at the very end of a verb:

takujunga I see


In the above word, taku- describes the action of seeing and the affix –junga describes who is seeing.
By using different affixes, we can talk about different people doing the same action:

nirijunga I eat
nirijutit you eat
nirijuq he / she eats
nirijuguk the two of us eat
nirijugut we (three or more) eat
nirijusik you two eat
nirijusi you (three or more) eat
nirijuuk the two of them eat
nirijut they (three or more) eat

The affixes highlighted above in blue can be added to any root that ends in a vowel.  Remember Inuktut has three vowels i, u and a.

If the root ends in any other letter, we change the j that begins each of these affixes to t:

uqalimaaqtunga I read
siniktuq he sleeps