Grammar » 2 » Subject of the Verb

Verb roots in Inuktut describe actions or states of being. The verb ending tells us who is performing the action.

takujunga
I see.

 

In the above word, taku- describes the action of seeing and the verb ending –junga describes who is seeing.
By using different verb endings we can talk about different people doing the same action:

nirijunga I eat
nirijutit you eat
nirijuq he / she eats
nirijuguk the two of us eat
nirijugut we (3+) eat
nirijusik you two eat
nirijusi you (3+) eat
nirijuuk the two of them eat
nirijut they (3+) eat

The verb endings highlighted above in blue can be added to any root that ends in a vowel.  Remember Inuktut has three vowels i, u and a.

If the root ends in any other letter, we change the j that begins each of these verb endings to t:

uqalimaaqtunga siniktuq
I read. he / she sleeps