Verb roots in Inuktut describe actions or states of being. The verb ending tells us who is performing the action.
In the above word, taku- describes the action of seeing and the verb ending –junga describes who is seeing.
By using different verb endings we can talk about different people doing the same action:
|nirijunga||I am eating.|
|nirijutit||You are eating.|
|nirijuq||He / she is eating.|
|nirijuguk||The two of us are eating.|
|nirijugut||We (3+) eating.|
|nirijusik||The two of you are eating.|
|nirijusi||You (3+) are eating.|
|nirijuuk||The two of them are eating.|
|nirijut||They (3+) are eating.|
The verb endings highlighted above in blue can be added to any root that ends in a vowel. Remember Inuktut has three vowels i, u and a.
If the root ends in any other letter, we change the j that begins each of these verb endings to t:
|uqalimaaqtunga||I am reading.|
|sinittuq||He/she is sleeping.|