Grammar » 2 » Subject of the Verb

In Inuktut, we indicate who is performing an action by using an affix that appears (usually) at the very end of a verb:

takujunga
I see.

 

In the above word, taku- describes the action of seeing and the affix –junga describes who is seeing.
By using different affixes, we can talk about different people doing the same action:

nirijunga I eat
nirijutit you eat
nirijuq he / she eats
nirijuguk the two of us eat
nirijugut we (3+) eat
nirijusik you two eat
nirijusi you (3+) eat
nirijuuk the two of them eat
nirijut they (3+) eat

The affixes highlighted above in blue can be added to any root that ends in a vowel.  Remember Inuktut has three vowels i, u and a.

If the root ends in any other letter, we change the j that begins each of these affixes to t:

uqalimaaqtunga siniktuq
I read. he / she sleeps