Grammar » 12. There is / There are


-taqaq- is used to express the English there is / there are. This affix is tacked on to the end of nouns and must be followed by a subject ending:

Is there coffee?


When we want to say "there is...", Inuktitut speakers avoid the construction ...taqaqtuq, and use the affix -talik instead:

kaapitaqaqpa? ii, kaapitalik.
Is there coffee? Yes, there is coffee.


Note that -talik is never used to make a negative sentence.  Instead -taqaq- + -nngit + tuq is used:

kaapitaqaqpa? aakka, kaapitaqanngittuq
Is there coffee? No, there is no coffee.


-taqaq- can be added directly to a root ending in a consonant:

paippaaq + taqaq + pa = paippaaqtaqaqpa?
  Is there any paper?
  ii, paippaaqtalik
  Yes, there is paper.
  aagga, paippaaqtaqanngittuq.
  No, there is no paper.