Grammar » 12 » There is / There are


-taqaq- is used to express the English there is / there are. This affix is tacked on to the end of nouns and must be followed by a subject ending:

Is there coffee?


When we want to say "there is...", Inuktut speakers avoid the construction ...taqaqtuq, and use the affix -talik instead:

kaapitaqaqqa? ii, kaapitalik.
Is there coffee? Yes, there is coffee.


Note that -talikis never used to make a negative sentence. Instead -taqaq- + -nngit + tuq is used.

kaapitaqaqqa? aagga, kaapitaqanngittuq
Is there coffee? No, there is no coffee.

-taqaq- deletes final consonants of any nouns it is added to:

paippaaq + taqaq + qa = paippaataqaqqa?
  Is there any paper?
  ii, paippaatalik
  Yes, there is paper.
  aagga, paippaataqanngittuq.
  No, there is no paper.