Grammar » 11. To Have

If you want to talk about having something in your possession, you add the affix -qaq- directly to the end of a noun:

ulu + qaq + qit? = uluqaqqit?
  Do you have an ulu?
ulu + qaq + tunga = uluqaqtunga
  I have an ulu.

When -qaq- is added to a noun ending in a consonant, it deletes the final consonant:

umik + qaq + qa = umiqaqqa?
  Does he have a beard?

 

Watch out for singular nouns that end in t.  Many of them add an i before being put together with affixes:

titiraut titiraut + i + qaq + tunga = titirautiqaqtunga
pen I have a pen.

 

If you want to talk about not having something, remember that both -qaq- and -nngit- delete any consonant that appears immediately before them:

umik + qaq + nngit + tuq = umiqanngittuq
  He doesn't have a beard.

When we want to say "he or she has something", Inuktitut speakers avoid the construction ...qaqtuq, and use the affix -lik instead:

nuliaqaqqa? ii, nulialik.
Does he have a wife? Yes, he has a wife.

 

Note that when –lik is added to a root ending in a consonant, it deletes the final consonant:

 nuliaq + lik = nulialik

 

Note, too, that -lik is not used to make a negative sentence:

aagga, nuliaqanngittuq.
No, he does not have a wife.