There are a few ways that we can talk in Inuktitut about events that have happened in the past.
Firstly, we can attach an affix to a verb that marks the past tense.
-rataaq- is an affix that is used to describe actions that have happened in the immediate past (within the hour).
|She just came in.|
|We just arrived.|
-qqau- is an affix that is used to describe actions that have happened earlier in the day.
|He called earlier.|
|I went home (earlier that day).|
-lauq- is used to describe actions that have happened yesterday or in the not too distant past.
|Yesterday, he went caribou hunting.|
|I went to Ottawa.|
Note that when any of the above affixes are added to a root ending in a consonant, they delete the final consonant.
|aullaq + rataaq + tuq =||aullarataaqtuq|
|She just left (departed) a few minutes ago.|
|tikit + qqau + juq =||tikiqqaujuq|
|He arrived earlier.|
|malik + lauq + tut =||malilauqtut|
|They followed (yesterday or earlier).|
Verbs involving motion often refer to an event in the past when they are combined with basic subject endings (-junga/-tunga, -jutit/-tutit, -juq/-tuq, etc.) :
|isiq-||to come in|
|isiqtunga||I came in.|
|tikippa?||Did she arrive?|