Grammar » because

In English, when we want to give a reason for something, we add a clause to a sentence that usually begins with the word “because”:

 

We are leaving because we are tired.

 

In Inuktitut the clause that is underlined above is usually represented in one word. This word has a special ending that lets us know who we are talking about:

 

Anijugut taqagatta. We are leaving because we are tired

 

Here is a list of these endings:
taqagama because I am tired
taqagavit because you are tired
taqammat because he is tired
taqagannuk because the two of us are tired
taqagatta because all of us are tired
taqagattik because the two of you are tired
taqagatsi because all of you are tired
taqammatik because the two of them are tired
taqammata because all of them are tired

 

Adding these affixes to roots ending in k:

 

The first letter of the endings that begin in g changes to k :
malik-to follow
malikkama because I followed
tupak-to wake up
tupakkavit because you woke up

 

The endings that begin in m are unchanged.  They delete the last consonant of the root:
 malimmat
 because he followed
 tupammata 
 because they woke up
Adding these affixes to roots ending in t:

 

The last letter of the root and the first letter of the affix both change to n:
 tikit
 to arrive
 tikinnama  because I arrived
 tikinnatsi     because you all arrived

 

The endings that begin in m are unchanged. They delete the last consonant of the root:
 tikimmat  because he arrived
 tikimmata     because they arrived
Adding these affixes to roots ending in q:

 

The last consonant of the root is deleted and the affix begins with r:
aullaq-to leave town; depart
aullarama because I left town.
aullarmatbecause he left town.
  
uqalimaaq-to read
uqalimaaravit because you are reading
uqalimaarmatabecause they are reading