Grammar » 38 » Emotions

Many of the verbs that describe emotions follow a similar pattern.

First, there is a basic form used to describe the emotion someone is feeling:

I am happy.


For the basic form we take the root of the verb, and in many cases, add the affix -sut- followed by the simple verb endings:

kappia- kappiasuttuuk
to be afraid The two of them are afraid.
quvia- quviasuppit?
to feel happy Are you happy?



Next, there is a more complex form of these verbs that describes who or what is causing that emotion:
I am afraid of him/her.

For the more complex form, the affix -gi- / -ri- is added to the root verb, followed by a double person ending:

iliragijaatigut kappiagiviuk? piugijara
He/she is intimidated by us. Are you afraid of it? I like it.

Note that -ri- is used after verb roots that end in -q:

mamaqtuq mamarijanga
It tastes good. It tastes good to her.