Grammar » 47 » Emotions

Many verbs that describe a phyiscal or emotional sensation are followed by the affix -gusuk- or sometimes just -suk- .  In South Qikiqtaaluk dialect, the final -k of this affix often changes to match the first letter of the verb ending that follows.

quvia + suk + pit  
quviasuppit? Are you happy?
quviasuttunga I am happy.
ippigusuttuq to feel a sensation or emotion


Here are some other examples:

kappia + suk to be afraid
kappiasuttuuk The two of them are afraid.
kanngu + suk to feel embarrassed
kanngusuttuq He/she feels shy/embarrassed
aukuni + gusuk to be a long time
akunigusuttut They feel like it has been a long time.
nalli + gusuk to love someone
nalligusuppa? Does he/she feel love/compassion towards someone?
uppi + gusuk to feel pride
uppigusukkami because he is proud of something
pisuk + gusuk to feel like walking
pisugusuttunga I fell like walking.


Next, there is a more complex form of these verbs that takes a transitive verb ending to describe who or what is causing that emotion:
kappiagiviuk? Are you afraid of it?
nalligijaatit He/she loves you.
uppigijagit I am proud of you.

When a transitive verb ending is used, the affix -suk- is dropped and the verb -gi- is added to the root verb to create a link between different people. Here are some other examples of this construction:

quviagijara I like it; it makes me happy.
piugijara I like it.
piuginngittara I don’t like it.
kanngugijanga He/she makes him feel shy.

Note that -ri- is used after verb roots that end in -q :

mamaqtuq It tastes good.
mamarijanga It tastes good to her.

To express the above in the negative, the affix -nngit- is added just before the verb ending:

kanngusunngittutit You are not shy.
nalliginngittanga He/she does not love him/her.
Natsiminiq mamarinngittanga He/she does not enjoy the taste of the seal meat.