Grammar » emotions

Many of the verbs that describe emotions follow a similar pattern.

First, there is a basic form used to describe the emotion someone is feeling:

I am happy.


For the basic form we take the root of the verb, and in many cases, add the affix -suk- followed by the simple verb endings:

kappia- to be afraid
kappiasuktuuk The two of them are afraid.
quvia- to feel happy
quviasuppiit? Are you happy?
Next, there is a more complex form of these verbs that describes who or what is causing that emotion:
kappiagijara I am afraid of her.

For the more complex form, the affix -gi- / -ri- is added to the root verb, followed by a double person ending (see grammar notes from lesson 15).

iliragijaatigut She is intimidated by all of us.
kappiagiviuk? Are you afraid of it?
piugijara I like it.


Note that -ri- is used after verb roots that end in q:

mamaqtuq It tastes good.
mamarijanga It tastes good to her.