1. The Verb -junnaq- / -gunnaq- / -runnaq-
This affix is used to talk about the ability to do something:
-junnaq- is added to roots that end in vowels.
-runnaq- is added to roots that end in q
-gunnaq- is added to roots that end in k
-tunnaq- is added to roots that end in t
|Piitamut uqaalajunnaqqit?||Can you call Peter (on the phone)?|
|Tiiliurunnaqpit?|| Can you make some tea?
2. The Verb -qu-
-qu- is an affix used to talk about something that one wants to have happen.
- When -qu- is added to a stem that ends in a consonant, it deletes the final consonant.
- -qu- is normally followed by a double person ending.
- -qu- can mean that you are asking for something to happen or, a little more forcefully, that you are telling someone to do something.
|aniqujanga||He asks/tells her to leave.|
|isiquguk||Tell him to come in.|
|siniqujagit||I want you to sleep.|
|uqaalaqujait||You tell him to call.|
3. -jjuti, -guti & –ruti
These affixes are added to verbs to express the idea of doing something for someone else:
-jjuti- is added to roots that end in vowels.
-ruti- is added to roots that end in q
-guti- is added to roots that end in k or t
|iniksaliurutijunnaqpinnga?||Can you make an appointment for me?|
|| Can you take me to the airport?