Grammar » 23. The Affix -sima-


-sima- is used to describe the state that one finds oneself after a certain action has been completed.  Compare the following examples:

tuktuliaqtuq tuktuliaqsimajuq
He/she goes caribou hunting. He/she is out caribou hunting (right now).


-sima- is an easy affix to work with.  It can be added to any root without changing its spelling:

aullaq + sima + juq =  aullaqsimajuq
  He/she has departed; He/she is away.

When -lauq- is added before -sima- it gives the meaning of "ever":

 Qilalugarmik takulauqsimavit?
 Have you ever seen a beluga?
Have you ever eaten polar bear meat?

...and if we put together -lauq- + -sima- + -nngit-, we can express the idea of "never":

Aagga, qilalugarmik takulauqsimanngittunga.
No, I have never seen a beluga.
I have never eaten polar bear meat.