Grammar » 24 » The Affix -sima-

-sima- is used to describe the state that one finds oneself after a certain action has been completed.  Compare the following examples :

tuttuliaqtuq He / she goes caribou hunting.
tuttuliaqsimajuq He / she is out caribou hunting (right now).

 

-sima- is an easy affix to work with.  It can be added to any root without changing its spelling :

aullaq + sima + juq =   
aullaqsimajuq He / she has departed; He/she is away.

When -lauq- is added before -sima- it gives the meaning of "ever" :

Qilalugarmik takulauqsimavit?
Have you ever seen a beluga?
 
Nanuminiqtulauqsimavit?
Have you ever eaten polar bear meat?

...and if we put together -lauq- + -sima- + -nngit-, we can express the idea of "never" :

Qilalugarmik takulauqsimanngittunga.
I have never seen a beluga.
 
Nanuminiqtulauqsimanngittunga.
I have never eaten polar bear meat.