Grammar » possession (advanced)

This grammar note is available in the South Qikiqtaaluk dialect only.

There are ways of expressing two or even three levels of relationships within the same sentence, i.e. when the possessor has its own possessor:

anaana + ga = anaanaga
  my mother
   
anaana + ma = anaanama aninga
  my mother's brother

The -ma ending relates the word anaana back to me, but it also relates her to another person, in this case, her brother. The word that describes the second level of relationship (her brother) takes the ending -nga.

The same endings can be used to describe objects that are owned by that person, except that we add -ngata to the person or thing that is in the middle of this double possession relationship:

Siminiup nunasiutinga Simon's car
Siminiup nunasiutingata kiinga Simon's car key / the key to Simon's car

The plural form of the –ngata ending highlighted above is –ngita:

anaanama nukangit my mother's younger sisters
anaanama nukangita ulungit the ulus of my younger mother's sisters

The following table sets out all the possible variations of this type of ending:

  ending that follows a vowel ending that follows a consonant
     
-ma anaanama aninga nukarma umianga
  my mother's brother my younger sibling's boat
     
-vit anaanavit aninga nukaqpit umianga
  your (1) mother's brother your (1) younger sibling's boat
     
-ngata anaanangata aninga nukangata umianga
  his/her mother's brother the boat of his/her younger sibling
     
-tta anaanatta aninga nukatta umianga
  the brother of our (2) mother the boat of our (2) younger sibling
     
-ssik anaanassik aninga nukassik umianga
  the brother of your (2) mother the boat of your (2) younger sibling
     
-ngatta anaanangatta aninga nukangatta umianga
  the brother of their (2) mother the boat of their (1) younger sibling
     
-tta anaanatta aninga nukatta umianga
  the brother of your (3+) mother the boat of our (3+) younger sibling
     
-ssi anaanassi aninga nukassi umianga
  the brother of your (3+) mother the boat of your (3+) younger sibling
     
-ngata anaanangata aninga nukangata umianga
  the brother of their (3+) mother the boat of their (3+) younger sibling
     
-ngita anaanangita aninga nukangita umianga
  the brothers of their (3+) mother the boats of their (3+) younger sibling