12 Ulluit taqqillu

Dialogue: Are you working today?

Ilisapi:
Unnusa iqqanaijarniaqqit?ᐅᓐᓄᓴ ᐃᖅᑲᓇᐃᔭᕐᓂᐊᖅᑭᑦ? Are you working this afternoon?
Qajaq:
Aagga, unnusa iqqanaijajjaanngittunga. ᐋᒡᒐ, ᐅᓐᓄᓴ ᐃᖅᑲᓇᐃᔭᔾᔮᙱᑦᑐᖓ.No, I am not working this afternoon.
Ilisapi:
Ullaaq iqqanaijaqqauvit?ᐅᓪᓛᖅ ᐃᖅᑲᓇᐃᔭᖅᑲᐅᕕᑦ? Did you work this morning?
Qajaq:
Aagga ullaaq iqqanaijaqqaunngittunga.ᐋᒡᒐ ᐅᓪᓛᖅ ᐃᖅᑲᓇᐃᔭᖅᑲᐅᙱᑦᑐᖓ.No, I didn't work this morning.
Ilisapi:
Summat?ᓱᒻᒪᑦ? Why not?
Qajaq:
Ullaaq aanniavimmiiqqaugama. ᐅᓪᓛᖅ ᐋᓐᓂᐊᕕᒻᒦᖅᑲᐅᒐᒪ.I went to the hospital this morning.
Ilisapi:
Aanniagavit?ᐋᓐᓂᐊᒐᕕᑦ? Are you sick?
Qajaq:
ii, niaqunngujunga. Suli qauppat iqqanaijalaanngittunga.ᐄ, ᓂᐊᖁᙳᔪᖓ. ᓱᓕ ᖃᐅᑉᐸᑦ ᐃᖅᑲᓇᐃᔭᓛᙱᑦᑐᖓ. Yes, I have a headache. I won't be working tomorrow either.
Ilisapi:
Asu.ᐊᓱ. Oh, dear.

Vocabulary

ulluq
day
ullumi
today
ullaaq
morning
unnusa
afternoon
unnuk
evening
unnuaq
night
maanna
now
ippatsaq
yesterday
qauppat
tomorrow
pinasuarusiq
week
pinasuarusiulaaqtumi
next week
pinasuarusiulauqtumi
last week
pinasuarusiup nunngua
weekend
taqqiq
month
taqqiulaaqtumi
next month
naggajjau
Monday
aippiq
Tuesday
pingatsiq
Wednesday
sitammiq
Thursday
tallirmiq
Friday
sivataarvik
Saturday
naattiinguja
Sunday
suvit?
What are you doing?
suniaqqit?
What will you be doing?
sulaaqqit?
What will you be doing (later today)?
suqqauvit?
What did you do earlier today?
sulauqqit?
What did you do?

Grammar

6 » Future Tense

The Qikiqtaaluk (Baffin) dialects of Inuktut are fairly precise in how they deal with tenses. Affixes are added to verbs that indicate that an event will happen in the immediate future, later the same day or farther in the future.

The Immediate Future

To talk about event that will happen later the same day, isert the affix -niaq- between the verb and the subject ending:

suvit? What are you doing?
suniaqqit? What will you be doing?
   
nirijunga I am eating.
niriniaqtunga. I will be eating.

When -niaq- is added to a root that ends in -q, the q changes to r.

kaapituq + niaq + tunga =  
kaapiturniaqtunga. I will be drinking coffee.
When -niaq- is added to a root ending in -k or -k  it changes the final k or  to n.
pisuk/pisut + niaq + tuq =  
pisunniaqtuq He / she is going to walk.

 

In Iqaluit, -langa- is the affix that is most commonly used for an event in the immediate future.  -langa- can be attached directly to a root that ends in a vowel.  When attached to a root ending in a consonant, it deletes the final consonant:
ullumi aullalangajuq He/she is going to depart today.

 

Events farther in the Future

-laaq- is an affix used for events that will be happening the next day or further into the future.

 

iqqanaijarniaqtunga I am going to work (later that day).
iqqanaijalaaqtunga I will be working (sometime in the future).
   
takuniaqpugut See you soon!
takulaarivugut See you later/ See you then!
If -laaq- is added to a stem that ends in a consonant, it deletes the last consonant.
aullaq + laaq + tuq =  
aullalaaqtuq He / she will leave town.
 

7 » Past Tense

-rataaq- is an affix that is used to describe actions that have happened in the immediate past (within the hour).

isirataaqtuq He / she just came in.
tikirataaqtugut We just arrived.

-qqau- is an affix that is used to describe actions that have happened earlier in the day.

uqaalaqqaujuq He / she called earlier.
angirraqqaujunga I went home (earlier that day).

 

-lauq- is used to describe actions that have happened yesterday or in the not too distant past.

ippatsaq tuttulialauqtuq Yesterday, he went caribou hunting.
taqqiulauqtumi qikalauqtuq Last month she went on holidays.

Note that when any of the above affixes are added to a root ending in a consonant, they delete the final consonant.

aullaq + rataaq + tuq =  
aullarataaqtuq She just left (departed) a few minutes ago.
   
tikit + qqau + juq =  
tikiqqaujuq He arrived earlier.
   
malik + lauq + tut =  
malilauqtut They followed (yesterday or earlier).
 
Important: Inuktut speakers don't always use these affixes to talk about events in the past. At times you have to rely on context of the conversation to know whether a verb like "nirijuq" refers to an event right now or in the past.

Verbs involving motion often refer to an event in the past when they are combined with basic subject endings (-junga/-tunga, -jutit/-tutit, -juq/-tuq, etc.) :

tikippit? Did you arrive/make it here OK?
tikippunga I arrived/made it here OK.