14 Timi

Dialogue: Not feeling well

Lia:
Anaanaga ullumi iqqanaijannggittuq ammalu qauppat iqqanaijalaanngittuq. ᐊᓈᓇᒐ ᐅᓪᓗᒥ ᐃᖅᑲᓇᐃᔭᖖᒋᑦᑐᖅ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᖃᐅᑉᐸᑦ ᐃᖅᑲᓇᐃᔭᔾᔮᓛᙱᑦᑐᖅ.My mother isn't working today and won't be working tomorrow.
Taiviti:
Summat? ᓱᒻᒪᑦ? Why?
Lia:
Naanngummat ammalu niaqunngummat.ᓈᙳᒻᒪᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᓂᐊᖁᙳᒻᒪᑦ. Because she has a stomach ache and a headache.
Taiviti:
Uvangattauq ippatsaq ullaakkut iqqanaijalaunngittunga niaqunngulaurama. ᐅᕙᖓᑦᑕᐅᖅ ᐃᑉᐸᔅᓴᖅ ᐅᓪᓛᒃᑯᑦ ᐃᖅᑲᓇᐃᔭᓚᐅᙱᑦᑐᖓ ᓂᐊᖁᙳᓚᐅᕋᒪ. Yesterday in the morning I didn't work either because I had a headache.
Lia:
Asu, maannali qanuippit? Suli niaqunnguvit? ᐊᓱ, ᒫᓐᓇᓕ ᖃᓄᐃᑉᐱᑦ? ᓱᓕ ᓂᐊᖁᙳᕕᑦ?Really? What about now? How are you? Do you still have a headache?
Taiviti:
Qanuinngittunga ullumi quviasuttunga iqqanaijarama. ᖃᓄᐃᙱᑦᑐᖓ ᐅᓪᓗᒥ ᖁᕕᐊᓱᑉᐳᖓ ᐃᖅᑲᓇᐃᔭᕋᒪ. I am fine today. I am happy because I am working.

Vocabulary

timi
body
niaquq
head
kiinaq
face
iji
eye
qingaq
nose
siut
ear
qungasiq
neck
qaniq
mouth
qaqtu
lip (lower)
uqaq
tongue
kiguti
tooth
tui
shoulder
taliq
arm
ikusik
elbow
aggat
hand
tunu
back
savvik
chest
naaq
stomach
qitiq
waist
saniraq
side (of body)
niu
leg
siiqquq
knee
singirniq
ankle
kimmik
heel
isigat
foot
aanniajuq
pain (he/she is in...)
qitirluttunga
sore back (I have a...)
naanngujunga
stomach ache (I have a ...)
niaqunngujuq
headache (he/she has a...)
nuvattunga
cold (I have a...)
uutirnaqtunga
fever (I have a...)
qanimajuq
sick (he/she feels...)
akautsianngittunga
I don’t feel well.

Grammar

28 » Because / when endings

In English, when we want to give a reason for something, we add a clause to a sentence that usually begins with the word “because”:

We are leaving because we are tired.


In Inuktut the clause that is underlined above is usually represented in one word. This word has a special ending that lets us know who we are talking about: 

anijjaanngittunga niaqunngugama
I am not going out because I have a headache.

 

Here is a list of these endings:
singular verb endings  
niaqunngugama because I have a headache
niaqunngugavit because you (1) have a headache
niaqunngugami /niaqunngummat * because he / she has a headache
   
dual verb endings  
niaqunngugannuk because we (2) have headaches
niaqunngugatsik because you (2) have headaches
niaqunngugamik /niaqunngummatik* because they (2) have headaches
   
pluarl verb endings  
niaqunngugatta because we (3+) have headaches
niaqunngugatsi because you (3+) have headaches
niaqunngugamik /niaqunngummata* because they (3+) have headaches

Notice in the third person (he/she/it/they) that there are two options:

The endings -gami and -gamik can only be used if the two verbs in the sentence involve the same person:

Piita aullalaunngittuq qanimagami.
Peter didn’t travel because he (Peter) is sick.

If thre is a change in who you are speaking about in the sentence, the endings -mmat, -mmatik and -mmata must be used:

Piita aullalaunngittuq qiturnganga qanimammat.
Peter didn’t travel because his child is sick.

 

All of the above endings can also be used to express the idea in English of 'when something happened...’ (in the past):

Tikiqqaummata niriqqaujugut. When they arrived, we ate.
Aullalauratta sinilauqtut. When we depated, they were sleeping.

 

Adding these affixes to stems ending in -k :
  • Working with the endings above, the first letter of the endings that begin in g- changes to k-
  • The endings above that begin with m- do not change.  They delete the final -k of the stem:
nuvak-  to have a cold
nuvakkama because / when I have a cold
nuvakkavit because / when you (1) have a cold
nuvakkami / nuvammat because / when he / she has a cold
   
nuvakkannuk because / when we (2) have colds
nuvakkatsik because / when you (2) have colds
nuvakkamik / nuvammatik because / when they (2) have colds
   
 nuvakkatta because / when we (3+) have colds
nuvakkatsi because / when you (3+) have colds
nuvakkamik / nuvammata because / when they (3+) have colds

 

Adding these affixes to stems ending in -t :

  • The last letter of the root and the first letter of the affix both change to n-.
  • The endings that begin in m- are unchanged. They delete the final -t of the root :
tikit to arrive
tikinnama because / when I arrived
tikinnavit because / when you  (1) arrived
tikinnami tikimmat  because / when he / she arrived
   
tikinnannuk because / when we (2) arrived
tikinnatsik because / when you (2) arrived
tikinnamik / tikimmatik because they (2) arrived
   
tikinnatta because we (3+) arrived
tikinnatsi because / when you (3+) arrived
tikinnamik / tikimmata  because they (3+) arrived

 

Adding these affixes to roots ending in -q :

The last consonant of the stem is deleted and the affix begins with r:
nuvak + lauq- to have had a cold
nuvalaurama because / when I had a cold
nuvalauravit because / when you (1) had a cold
nuvalaurmat because / when he/she had a cold
   
nuvalaurannuk because / when we (2) had colds
nuvalauratsik because / when you (2) had colds
nuvalauramik / nuvalaurmatik because / when you (2) had colds
   
nuvalauratta because we (3+) had colds
nuvalauratsi because / when they (3+) had colds
nuvalauramik / nuvalaurmata because / when they (3+) had colds