20 Namunngaqqauviuk?

Dialogue: Where did you put the phone?

Saijulaa:
Uqaalaut namunngaqqauviuk?ᐅᖄᓚᐅᑦ ᓇᒧᙵᖅᑲᐅᕕᐅᒃ? Where did you put the phone?
Ujarak:
Pulaarvimmut.ᐳᓛᕐᕕᒻᒧᑦ. In the living room.
Saijulaa:
Atii, aiguk.ᐊᑏ, ᐊᐃᒍᒃ. OK then, go get it.
Ujarak:
Namut uqaalaniaravit? ᓇᒧᑦ ᐅᖄᓚᓂᐊᕋᕕᑦ?Who are you going to call?
Saijulaa:
Taivitimut. ᑕᐃᕕᑎᒧᑦ.Taiviti.
Ujarak:
Hii.ᕼᐄ.I see.

Vocabulary

uqaalaut
telephone
ailiruk
Go get it (command)

Grammar

31. Double Verb Endings

So far, we have been using simple endings with verbs:

takujunga
I see.
-junga indicates the subject of the sentence, or who does the seeing. It doesn’t indicate the object of the sentence, or what we see.

In English, if we want to talk about what we see, we would add a pronoun to the sentence to indicate an object:

I see her.

In Inuktitut, we use verb endings that indicate both the subject and the object of the sentence:

single verb ending double verb ending
takujunga takujara
I see. I see her.
   
maliktunga maliktakka
I follow. I follow them.
   
tusaajuq tusaajaatit
He/she hears. He/she hears you.

Here are the simplest forms of these affixes:

  me you him/her/it
I  

takujagit/takugikkit

I see you.

takujara

I see him.

you

takujarma/takuginnga

You see me.
 

takujait

You see him.

he / she

takujaanga/takugaanga

He/she sees me.

takujaatit/takugaatit

He/she sees you.

takujanga

He/she sees him/her.

The basic form of these affixes begins with a j- when added to a root that ends in a vowel. If these affixes are added to roots that end in a consonant, the -j changes to t-:

maliktara ikajuqtaanga
I am following him/her He/she helps me.

ALTERNATES

Be aware that in the South Qikiqtaaluk region, you may hear or see the following alternate endings:

takugikkit I see you.
takuginnga You see me.
takugaanga He/she sees me.
takugaatit He/she sees you.

These endings vary depending on the last consonant of the root they are added to:

after Q:
ikajuq- ikajuraanga
to help He/she helps me.

 

after T:
tukisinngit- tukisinngikkaanga
to not understand He/she doesn't understand me.

32. Double Verb Endings: Asking Questions

In an earlier lesson, we introduced verb endings that involve both a subject and an object:

takujara qaujimajaanga
I see him/her. He/she knows me.


These are used to make simple statements.  There are a corresponding set of affixes that are used to ask questions that indicate a subject and an object:

qaujimavagit? Do I know you?
qaujimavara? Do I know him/her?
   
tukisivinnga? Do you understand me?
tukisiviuk? Do you understand him/her?
   
tusaavaanga? Does he/she hear me?
tusaavaatit? Does he/she hear you?
tusaavauk? Does he/she hear him/her?

If these affixes are added to a root ending in a vowel, they begin with the letter v:

takuviuk? Do you see him/her?   

If these affixes are added to a root ending in -q, they begin with the letter q:

ikajuqqiuk? Are you helping him/her?

If they are added to a root ending in any other consonant, they switch the final consonant to -p and then begin with p-:

malippiuk? Are you following him/her?