20 Namunngaqqauviuk?

Dialogue: Where did you put it?

Saijulaa:
Uqaalaut namunngaqqauviuk?ᐅᖄᓚᐅᑦ ᓇᒧᙵᖅᑲᐅᕕᐅᒃ? Where did you put the phone?
Ujarak:
Pulaarvimmut.ᐳᓛᕐᕕᒻᒧᑦ. In the living room.
Saijulaa:
Atii, aiguk.ᐊᑏ, ᐊᐃᒍᒃ. OK then, go get it.
Ujarak:
Namut uqaalaniaravit? ᓇᒧᑦ ᐅᖄᓚᓂᐊᕋᕕᑦ?Who are you going to call?
Saijulaa:
Taivitimut. ᑕᐃᕕᑎᒧᑦ.Taiviti.
Ujarak:
Hii.ᕼᐄ.I see.

Vocabulary

ailiruk
Go get it (command)
uqaalaut
telephone

Grammar

double person endings

So far, we have been using simple endings with verbs:

takujungaI see.
-junga indicates the subject of the sentence, or who does the seeing. It doesn’t indicate the object of the sentence, or what we see.

 

In English, if we want to talk about what we see, we would add a pronoun to the sentence to indicate an object:

I see her.

In Inuktitut, we add an affix to the end of the verb that indicates both the subject and the object of the sentence:

basic endingdouble person ending
takujungatakujara
I see.I see her.
  
maliktungamaliktakka
I follow.I follow them.
  
tusaajuqtusaajaatit
She hears.She hears you.

Here are the simplest forms of these affixes:

 meyouhim/her/it
I 

takujagit

I see you.

takujara

I see him.

you

takujarma

You see me.
 

takujait

You see him.

he / she

takujaanga

She sees me.

takujaatit

She sees you.

takujanga

She sees him.

Remember that if these affixes are added to roots that end in a consonant, the first letter of the affix changes to t:

maliktara I am following him.
ikajuqtaangaShe helps me.

ALTERNATES

Be aware that you may hear or see the following alternate endings to the above in the Uqqurmiut dialect:

takugikkitI see you.
takuginnga You see me.
takugaangaShe sees me.
takugaatitShe sees you.

These endings vary depending on the last consonant of the root they are added to:

 

after Q:

 

ikajuq-ikajuraangaHe helps me.

 

after T:

 

tukisinngit-tukisinngikkaangaShe doesn’t understand me.

double person endings - asking questions

In an earlier lesson, we introduced verb endings that involve both a subject and an object:

 takujara  I see her.
 qaujimajaanga   He knows me.


These are used to make simple statements.  There are a corresponding set of affixes that are used to ask questions that involve two people:

 qaujimavagit?  Do I know you?
 qaujimavara?  Do I know her?
   
 tukisivinnga?  Do you understand me?
 tukisiviuk?  Do you understand her?
   
 tusaavaanga? Does she hear me?
 tusaavaatit?

Does she hear you?

 tusaavauk?

Does she hear him?

If these affixes are added to a root ending in a vowel, they begin with the letter v:

takuviuk?
Do you see him?   

If these affixes are added to a root ending in q, they begin with the letter q:

ikajuqqiuk?Are you helping him?

If they are added to a root ending in any other consonant, they switch the final consonant to p and then begin with p:

malippiuk? Are you following him?