Go get it (command)
So far, we have been using simple endings with verbs:
In English, if we want to talk about what we see, we would add a pronoun to the sentence to indicate an object:
|I see her.|
In Inuktitut, we add an affix to the end of the verb that indicates both the subject and the object of the sentence:
|basic ending||double person ending|
|I see.||I see her.|
|I follow.||I follow them.|
|She hears.||She hears you.|
Here are the simplest forms of these affixes:
I see you.
I see him.
takujarmaYou see me.
You see him.
|he / she|
She sees me.
She sees you.
She sees him.
Remember that if these affixes are added to roots that end in a consonant, the first letter of the affix changes to t:
|maliktara||I am following him.|
|ikajuqtaanga||She helps me.|
Be aware that you may hear or see the following alternate endings to the above in the Uqqurmiut dialect:
|takugikkit||I see you.|
|takuginnga||You see me.|
|takugaanga||She sees me.|
|takugaatit||She sees you.|
These endings vary depending on the last consonant of the root they are added to:
|ikajuq-||ikajuraanga||He helps me.|
|tukisinngit-||tukisinngikkaanga||She doesn’t understand me.|
In an earlier lesson, we introduced verb endings that involve both a subject and an object:
|takujara||I see her.|
|qaujimajaanga||He knows me.|
These are used to make simple statements. There are a corresponding set of affixes that are used to ask questions that involve two people:
|qaujimavagit?||Do I know you?|
|qaujimavara?||Do I know her?|
|tukisivinnga?||Do you understand me?|
|tukisiviuk?||Do you understand her?|
|tusaavaanga?||Does she hear me?|
Does she hear you?
Does she hear him?
If these affixes are added to a root ending in a vowel, they begin with the letter v:
|takuviuk? ||Do you see him?|
If these affixes are added to a root ending in q, they begin with the letter q:
|ikajuqqiuk?||Are you helping him?|
If they are added to a root ending in any other consonant, they switch the final consonant to p and then begin with p:
|malippiuk?||Are you following him?|