14 Timi

Dialogue: Not feeling well

Lia:
Anaanaga ullumi iqqanaijannggittuq ammalu qauppat iqqanaijalaanngittuq. ᐊᓈᓇᒐ ᐅᓪᓗᒥ ᐃᖅᑲᓇᐃᔭᖖᒋᑦᑐᖅ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᖃᐅᑉᐸᑦ ᐃᖅᑲᓇᐃᔭᔾᔮᓛᙱᑦᑐᖅ.My mother isn't working today and won't be working tomorrow.
Taiviti:
Summat? ᓱᒻᒪᑦ? Why?
Lia:
Naanngummat ammalu niaqunngummat.ᓈᙳᒻᒪᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᓂᐊᖁᙳᒻᒪᑦ. Because she has a stomach ache and a headache.
Taiviti:
Uvangattauq ippatsaq ullaakkut iqqanaijalaunngittunga niaqunngulaurama. ᐅᕙᖓᑦᑕᐅᖅ ᐃᑉᐸᔅᓴᖅ ᐅᓪᓛᒃᑯᑦ ᐃᖅᑲᓇᐃᔭᓚᐅᙱᑦᑐᖓ ᓂᐊᖁᙳᓚᐅᕋᒪ. Yesterday in the morning I didn't work either because I had a headache.
Lia:
Asu, maannali qanuippit? Suli niaqunnguvit? ᐊᓱ, ᒫᓐᓇᓕ ᖃᓄᐃᑉᐱᑦ? ᓱᓕ ᓂᐊᖁᙳᕕᑦ?Really? What about now? How are you? Do you still have a headache?
Taiviti:
Qanuinngittunga ullumi quviasuttunga iqqanaijarama. ᖃᓄᐃᙱᑦᑐᖓ ᐅᓪᓗᒥ ᖁᕕᐊᓱᑉᐳᖓ ᐃᖅᑲᓇᐃᔭᕋᒪ. I am fine today. I am happy because I am working.

Vocabulary

akautsianngittunga
I don’t feel well
aupalakaattunga
chicken pox (I have...)
iji
eye
ikusik
elbow
isigak
foot
iviangiik
breasts
kanaak
shin
kataktuq
fell (it...)
kiguti
tooth
kiinaq
face
kimmik
heel
naanngujunga
stomach ache (I have a ...)
naaq
stomach
nangiqsijuq
stands (she/he...)
niaquq
head
niu
leg
nulu
buttock
nuqqangajuq
still; motionless
putuguq
toe
qaniq
mouth
qaqtu
lip
qimirluk
spine
qingaq
nose
qitiq
waist
qitirluttunga
sore back (I have a...)
quaittuq
slipped (she/he...)
qungasiq
neck
qutturaak
thigh
saniraq
side (of body)
savvik
chest
siiqquq
knee
singirniq
ankle
siut
ear
sukkaittuq
slow
sukkajuq
fast
taliq
arm
timi
body
tui
shoulder
tunu
back
tunusuk
nape of the neck
tusiattunga
limping (I am...)
ukujuq
bends down (he...)
uutirnaqtunga
fever (I have a...)

Grammar

because

In English, when we want to give a reason for something, we add a clause to a sentence that usually begins with the word “because”:

 

We are leaving because we are tired.

 

In Inuktitut the clause that is underlined above is usually represented in one word. This word has a special ending that lets us know who we are talking about:

 

Anijugut taqagatta. We are leaving because we are tired

 

Here is a list of these endings:
taqagama because I am tired
taqagavit because you are tired
taqammat because he is tired
taqagannuk because the two of us are tired
taqagatta because all of us are tired
taqagattik because the two of you are tired
taqagatsi because all of you are tired
taqammatik because the two of them are tired
taqammata because all of them are tired

 

Adding these affixes to roots ending in k:

 

The first letter of the endings that begin in g changes to k :
malik-to follow
malikkama because I followed
tupak-to wake up
tupakkavit because you woke up

 

The endings that begin in m are unchanged.  They delete the last consonant of the root:
 malimmat
 because he followed
 tupammata 
 because they woke up
Adding these affixes to roots ending in t:

 

The last letter of the root and the first letter of the affix both change to n:
 tikit
 to arrive
 tikinnama  because I arrived
 tikinnatsi     because you all arrived

 

The endings that begin in m are unchanged. They delete the last consonant of the root:
 tikimmat  because he arrived
 tikimmata     because they arrived
Adding these affixes to roots ending in q:

 

The last consonant of the root is deleted and the affix begins with r:
aullaq-to leave town; depart
aullarama because I left town.
aullarmatbecause he left town.
  
uqalimaaq-to read
uqalimaaravit because you are reading
uqalimaarmatabecause they are reading