14 Timi

Dialogue: Not feeling well

Lia:
Anaanaga ullumi iqqanaijannggittuq ammalu qauppat iqqanaijalaanngittuq. ᐊᓈᓇᒐ ᐅᓪᓗᒥ ᐃᖅᑲᓇᐃᔭᖖᒋᑦᑐᖅ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᖃᐅᑉᐸᑦ ᐃᖅᑲᓇᐃᔭᔾᔮᓛᙱᑦᑐᖅ.My mother isn't working today and won't be working tomorrow.
Taiviti:
Summat? ᓱᒻᒪᑦ? Why?
Lia:
Naanngummat ammalu niaqunngummat.ᓈᙳᒻᒪᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᓂᐊᖁᙳᒻᒪᑦ. Because she has a stomach ache and a headache.
Taiviti:
Uvangattauq ippatsaq ullaakkut iqqanaijalaunngittunga niaqunngulaurama. ᐅᕙᖓᑦᑕᐅᖅ ᐃᑉᐸᔅᓴᖅ ᐅᓪᓛᒃᑯᑦ ᐃᖅᑲᓇᐃᔭᓚᐅᙱᑦᑐᖓ ᓂᐊᖁᙳᓚᐅᕋᒪ. Yesterday in the morning I didn't work either because I had a headache.
Lia:
Asu, maannali qanuippit? Suli niaqunnguvit? ᐊᓱ, ᒫᓐᓇᓕ ᖃᓄᐃᑉᐱᑦ? ᓱᓕ ᓂᐊᖁᙳᕕᑦ?Really? What about now? How are you? Do you still have a headache?
Taiviti:
Qanuinngittunga ullumi quviasuttunga iqqanaijarama. ᖃᓄᐃᙱᑦᑐᖓ ᐅᓪᓗᒥ ᖁᕕᐊᓱᑉᐳᖓ ᐃᖅᑲᓇᐃᔭᕋᒪ. I am fine today. I am happy because I am working.

Vocabulary

timi
body
niaquq
head
kiinaq
face
iji
eye
qingaq
nose
siut
ear
qungasiq
neck
qaniq
mouth
qaqtu
lip
uqaq
tongue
kiguti
tooth
tui
shoulder
taliq
arm
ikusik
elbow
aggaak
hands (two)
tunu
back
savvik
chest
naaq
stomach
qitiq
waist
saniraq
side (of body)
niu
leg
siiqquq
knee
singirniq
ankle
kimmik
heel
isigak
foot
aanniajuq
pain (he/she is in...)
qitirluttunga
sore back (I have a...)
naanngujunga
stomach ache (I have a ...)
niaqunngujuq
headache (she has a...)
nuvattunga
cold (I have a...)
uutirnaqtunga
fever (I have a...)
qanimajuq
sick (he feels...)
akautsianngittunga
I don’t feel well

Grammar

24. Because

In English, when we want to give a reason for something, we add a clause to a sentence that usually begins with the word “because”:

We are leaving because we are tired.


In Inuktut the clause that is underlined above is usually represented in one word. This word has a special ending that lets us know who we are talking about: 

anijjaanngittunga niaqunngugama I am not going out because I have a headache.

 

Here is a list of these endings:
niaqunngugama because I have a headache
niaqunngugavit because you (1) have a headache
niaqunngummat because he/she has a headache
niaqunngugannuk because we (2) have headaches
niaqunngugatta because we (3+) have headaches
niaqunngugatsik because you (2) have headaches
niaqunngugatsi because you (3+) have headaches
niaqunngummatik because they (2) have headaches
niaqunngummata because they (3+) have headaches

 

Adding these affixes to stems ending in k :
  • Working with the endings above, the first letter of the endings that begin in g changes to k
  • The endings above that begin with m do not change.  They delete the final -k of the stem:
nuvak- /nuvat- to have a cold
nuvakkama because I have a cold
nuvakkannuk because we (2) have colds
nuvakkatta because we (3+) have colds
nuvakkavit because you (1) have a cold
nuvakkatsik because you (2) have colds
nuvakkatsi because you (3+) have colds
nuvammat because he/she has a cold
nuvammatik because they (2) have colds
nuvammata because they (3+) have colds

 

Adding these affixes to stems ending in t:

  • The last letter of the root and the first letter of the affix both change to n.
  • The endings that begin in m are unchanged. They delete the final -t of the root:
tikit to arrive
tikinnama because I arrived
tikinnannuk because we (2) arrived
tikinnatta because we (3+) arrived
tikinnavik because you (1) arrived
tikinnatsik because you (2) arrived
tikinnatsi because you (3+) arrived
tikimmat because he/she arrived
tikimmatik because they (2) arrived
tikimmata  because they (3+) arrived

 

Adding these affixes to roots ending in q:

The last consonant of the stem is deleted and the affix begins with r:
nuvak + lauq- to have had a cold
nuvalaurama because I had a cold
nuvalaurannuk because we (2) had colds
nuvalauratta because we (3+) had colds
nuvalauravit because you (1) had a cold
nuvalauratsik because you (2) had colds
nuvalauratsi because you (3+) had colds
nuvalaurmat because he/she had a cold
nuvalaurmatik because they (2) had colds
nuvalaurmata because they (3+) had colds