13 Tuttuliaqtuq

Dialogue: Caribou hunting

Luukasi:
Suli Taiviti tuttuliaqsimava?ᓱᓕ ᑕᐃᕕᑎ ᑐᑦᑐᓕᐊᖅᓯᒪᕙ? Is Taiviti still out caribou hunting?
Haana:
Aaggai, unnuk tikilauqtuq.ᐋᒡᒐᐃ, ᐅᓐᓄᒃ ᑎᑭᓚᐅᖅᑐᖅ. No, he came back last night.
Luukasi:
Tuttuniqqa?ᑐᑦᑐᓂᖅᑲ? Did he get any caribou?
Haana:
ii, atausirmik tuttutuminiq. Uujuliurniarama uujuqturiaqturumavit? ᐄ, ᐊᑕᐅᓯᕐᒥᒃ ᑐᑦᑐᑦᑐᒥᓂᖅ. ᐆᔪᓕᐅᕐᓂᐊᕋᒪ ᐆᔪᖅᑐᕆᐊᖅᑐᕈᒪᕕᑦ? Yes, he got one caribou. I am making uujuq. Do you want to come to eat some uujuq?
Luukasi:
ii, asukuluk.ᐄ, ᐊᓱᑯᓗᒃ. Yes, indeed.
 

Vocabulary

tuttu
caribou
tuttuliaqsimava?
caribou hunting (Is he/she out ...?)
tuttuliaqtuq
caribou hunting (he/she has gone...)
tuttuniqqa?
caribou (Did he/she get a ...?)
tuttuttuq
caribou (he/she caught a...)
uujuq
boiled meat with broth
uujuliuqtuq
boiled meat with broth (he/she makes...)
natsiq
ringed seal
natsiqsiuriaqtuq
seal hunting (he/she goes...)
qairulik
harp seal
ujjuk
bearded seal
ujjugasugiaqtuq
bearded seal hunting (He has gone...)
ujjuttuq
bearded seal (He caught a...)
qilalugaq
beluga (also, narwhal in some dialects)
tuugaalik
narwhal
nanuq
polar bear
ukaliq
hare (Arctic)
aqiggiq
ptarmigan
iqaluk
fish
iqalliaqtuq
fishing (she goes...)
mattaaq
skin of beluga or narwhal
nikku
dried meat
mikigaq
raw meat
quaq
frozen meat
ujarak
rock
siku
ice
tasiq
lake

Grammar

24 » The Affix -sima-

-sima- is used to describe the state that one finds oneself after a certain action has been completed.  Compare the following examples :

tuttuliaqtuq He / she goes caribou hunting.
tuttuliaqsimajuq He / she is out caribou hunting (right now).

 

-sima- is an easy affix to work with.  It can be added to any root without changing its spelling :

aullaq + sima + juq =   
aullaqsimajuq He / she has departed; He/she is away.

When -lauq- is added before -sima- it gives the meaning of "ever" :

Qilalugarmik takulauqsimavit?
Have you ever seen a beluga?
 
Nanuminiqtulauqsimavit?
Have you ever eaten polar bear meat?

...and if we put together -lauq- + -sima- + -nngit-, we can express the idea of "never" :

Qilalugarmik takulauqsimanngittunga.
I have never seen a beluga.
 
Nanuminiqtulauqsimanngittunga.
I have never eaten polar bear meat.