24 Quviagijara

Dialogue: Weekend plans

Sulumani:
Pinasuarusiup nurnguani qanuiliulaaqpit?ᐱᓇᓱᐊᕈᓯᐅᑉ ᓄᕐᖑᐊᓂ ᖃᓄᐃᓕᐅᓛᖅᐱᑦ? What are you doing this weekend?
iiva:
Igluralaattinunngaulaaqtunga.ᐃᒡᓗᕋᓛᑦᑎᓄᙵᐅᓛᖅᑐᖓ. I am going to my cabin.
Sulumani:
Asukuluk, quviagiviuk tauvani?ᐊᓱᑯᓗᒃ, ᖁᕕᐊᒋᕕᐅᒃ ᑕᐅᕙᓂ? Oh yeah? Do you like it there?
iiva:
ii, aksualuk quviagijara.ᐄ, ᐊᒃᓱᐊᓗᒃ ᖁᕕᐊᒋᔭᕋ. Yes indeed, I really like it there.
Sulumani
Tauvani qanuiliuqattaravit? ᑕᐅᕙᓂ ᖃᓄᐃᓕᐅᖃᑦᑕᕋᕕᑦ?What do you usually do out there?
iiva:
Pisukpaktunga kuungmut.ᐱᓱᒃᐸᒃᑐᖓ ᑰᖕᒧᑦ. I often walk to the river.

Vocabulary

tusarnirijara
like the sound of it (I...)
numaasuktunga
sad (I am....)
quviasuktunga
happy (I am...)
quviagijara
enjoy it (I...)
piuksaqtunga
like something (I...)
piugijara
like it (I...)
numaagijanga
sad (it makes him...)
nagligusuktunga
feel love for (I...)
nagligijara
love him/her/it (I...)
mamariviuk?
Do you like the taste of it?
mamarijara
like the taste of it (I...)
mamaqsaqtunga
like the taste (I...)
kappiagijanga
afraid of her (he is...)
kanngusuktutit
shy (you are ...)
kanngugijait
shy (he/she makes you feel...)
illuralaaliaqta
cabin (Let’s go to the...)

Grammar

47 » Emotions

Many verbs that describe a phyiscal or emotional sensation are followed by the affix -gusuk- or sometimes just -suk- :

quvia + suk + pit  
quviasukpit? Are you happy?
quviasuktunga I am happy.
   
ikpi + gusuk to feel a sensation or emotion
ikpigusuktuq he/she feels something; he/she feels (continuous) pain

 

Here are some other examples:

kappia + suk to be afraid
kappiasuktuuk The two of them are afraid.
   
kanngu + suk to feel embarrassed
kanngusuktuq He/she feels shy/embarrassed
   
aukuni + gusuk to be a long time
akunigusuktut They feel like it has been a long time.
   
nagli + gusuk to love someone
nagligusukpa? Does he/she feel love/compassion towards someone?
   
pisuk + gusuk to feel like walking
pisugusuktunga I fell like walking.

 

Next, there is a more complex form of these verbs that takes a transitive verb ending to describe who or what is causing that emotion:
kappiagiviuk? Are you afraid of it?
nagligijaatit He/she loves you.
iliragijanga He/she fears his/her disapproval.

When a transitive verb ending is used, the affix -suk- is dropped and the verb -gi- is added to the root verb to create a link between different people. Here are some other examples of this construction:

quviagijara I like it; it makes me happy.
piugijara I like it.
piuginngittara I don’t like it.
kanngugijanga He/she makes him feel shy.

Note that -ri- is used after verb roots that end in -q :

mamaqtuq It tastes good.
mamarijanga It tastes good to her.

To express the above in the negative, the affix -nngit- is added just before the verb ending:

kanngusunngittutit You are not shy.
nalliginngittanga He/she does not love him/her.
Nattiq mamarinngittanga. He/she does not enjoy the taste of the seal meat.

 



 

48 » Changing Verbs to Nouns

The affix -jariaksaq / -giaksaq / -riaksaq is added to the end of a verb root in order to talk about the action it describes in a general way (as a noun).

nirijuq he is eating
nirijariaksaq eating
Nirijariaksaq quviagijanga. He enjoys eating.

-giaksaq is the form of the affix used after a root ending in -k or -t :

siniktuq she is walking
sinigiaksaq walking
Sinigiaksaq iqiagijanga. He does not feel like sleeping.

-riaksaq is the form of the affix used after a root ending in -q :

mumiqtuuk They (2) are dancing.
mumiriaksaq dancing
Mumiriaksaq quviagijara. I enjoy dancing.

This affix can be used to describe activities that one enjoys - or does not enjoy - doing.

Tuttuliariaksaq quviagijara. I enjoy caribou hunting.
Pisugiaksaq iqiagijara. I don’t feel like walking.
Aullariaksaq quviagiviuk? Do you enjoy travelling?