23 Quviagijara

Dialogue: Weekend plans

iiva:
Pinasuarusiup nunnguani sulaaqqit?ᐱᓇᓱᐊᕈᓯᐅᑉ ᓄᙳᐊᓂ ᓱᓛᖅᑭᑦ? What are you doing this weekend?
Sulumani:
illuralaattinuulaaqtunga.ᐃᓪᓗᕋᓛᑦᑎᓐᓅᓛᖅᑐᖓ. I am going to my cabin.
iiva:
Asukuluk, quviagiviuk tauvani?ᐊᓱᑯᓗᒃ, ᖁᕕᐊᒋᕕᐅᒃ ᑕᐅᕙᓂ? Oh yeah? Do you like it there?
Sulumani:
ii, atsualuk quviagijara.ᐄ, ᐊᑦᓱᐊᓗᒃ ᖁᕕᐊᒋᔭᕋ. Yes indeed, I really like it there.
iiva:
Tauvani suvakkavit? ᑕᐅᕙᓂ ᓱᕙᒃᑲᕕᑦ?What do you do out there?
Sulumani:
Pisuppattunga kuummut.ᐱᓱᑉᐸᑦᑐᖓ ᑰᒻᒧᑦ. I often walk to the river.

Vocabulary

ilagiit
family
iliragijanga
He's afraid to disappoint him/her.
illuralaaliaqta
cabin (Let’s go to the...)
kajjaarinngitait
You find it dreary.
kanngugijait
He makes you feel shy.
kanngusuktutit
shy (you are ...)
kappiagijanga
afraid of her (he is...)
mamaqsaqtunga
I like the taste.
mamarijara
I like the taste of it.
mamariviuk?
Do you like the taste of it?
nalligijara
I love it / him / her.
nalligusuktunga
I feel love for...
numaagijanga
sad (it makes him...)
piugijara
I like it.
piuksaqtunga
I like...
quviagijara
I enjoy it.
quviasuktunga
happy (I am...)
quviasunngittunga
sad (I am....)
tusarnirijara
I like the sound of it.

Grammar

-gusuk-/-rusuk- (affix)

THE AFFIX -GUSUK

 

This affix is attached to verbs to describe:

1. Emotions or feelings

nalligusuktuq He loves; he feels love.
titsigusuktuq He finds something amusing.
kanngusuktuq She is feeling shy.



2. The need for, or the desire to do something:

imirusuktunga I am thirsty.
pisugusuktugut
We feel like walking.

Note that -gusuk- changes to -rusuk- when the affix is added to a stem ending in q:

mamaq + gusuk + tuq = mamarusuktuq
  She finds something tasty.

 

 


 

emotions

Many of the verbs that describe emotions follow a similar pattern.

First, there is a basic form used to describe the emotion someone is feeling:

quviasuktunga
I am happy.

 

For the basic form we take the root of the verb, and in many cases, add the affix -suk- followed by the simple verb endings:

kappia- to be afraid
kappiasuktuuk The two of them are afraid.
   
quvia- to feel happy
quviasuppiit? Are you happy?
Next, there is a more complex form of these verbs that describes who or what is causing that emotion:
kappiagijara I am afraid of her.

For the more complex form, the affix -gi- / -ri- is added to the root verb, followed by a double person ending (see grammar notes from lesson 15).

iliragijaatigut She is intimidated by all of us.
kappiagiviuk? Are you afraid of it?
piugijara I like it.

 

Note that -ri- is used after verb roots that end in q:

mamaqtuq It tastes good.
mamarijanga It tastes good to her.