23 Quviagijara

Dialogue: Weekend plans

iiva:
Pinasuarusiup nunnguani sulaaqqit?ᐱᓇᓱᐊᕈᓯᐅᑉ ᓄᙳᐊᓂ ᓱᓛᖅᑭᑦ? What are you doing this weekend?
Sulumani:
illuralaattinuulaaqtunga.ᐃᓪᓗᕋᓛᑦᑎᓐᓅᓛᖅᑐᖓ. I am going to my cabin.
iiva:
Asukuluk, quviagiviuk tauvani?ᐊᓱᑯᓗᒃ, ᖁᕕᐊᒋᕕᐅᒃ ᑕᐅᕙᓂ? Oh yeah? Do you like it there?
Sulumani:
ii, atsualuk quviagijara.ᐄ, ᐊᑦᓱᐊᓗᒃ ᖁᕕᐊᒋᔭᕋ. Yes indeed, I really like it there.
iiva:
Tauvani suvakkavit? ᑕᐅᕙᓂ ᓱᕙᒃᑲᕕᑦ?What do you do out there?
Sulumani:
Pisuppattunga kuummut.ᐱᓱᑉᐸᑦᑐᖓ ᑰᒻᒧᑦ. I often walk to the river.

Vocabulary

tusarnirijara
I like the sound of it.
quviasunngittunga
sad (I am....)
quviasuktunga
happy (I am...)
quviagijara
I enjoy it.
piuksaqtunga
I like...
piugijara
I like it.
numaagijanga
sad (it makes him...)
nalligusuktunga
I feel love for...
nalligijara
I love it / him / her.
mamariviuk?
Do you like the taste of it?
mamarijara
I like the taste of it.
mamaqsaqtunga
I like the taste.
kappiagijanga
afraid of her (he is...)
kanngusuktutit
shy (you are ...)
kanngugijait
He makes you feel shy.
kajjaarinngitait
You find it dreary.
illuralaaliaqta
cabin (Let’s go to the...)
iliragijanga
He's afraid to disappoint him/her.
ilagiit
family

Grammar

-gusut-/-rusut- (affix)

The affix -gusut- / -rusut- is attached to verbs to describe:

1. Emotions or feelings

nalligusuttuq He loves; he feels love.
titsigusuttuq He finds something amusing.
kanngusuttuq She is feeling shy.

 



2. The need for, or the desire to do something:

imirusuttunga I am thirsty.
pisugusuttugut We feel like walking.

Note that -gusuk- changes to -rusuk- when the affix is added to a stem ending in q:

mamaq + rusut + tuq = mamarusuktuq
  He/she finds something tasty.

 

 

 

 

38 » Emotions

Many of the verbs that describe emotions follow a similar pattern.

First, there is a basic form used to describe the emotion someone is feeling:

quviasuttunga
I am happy.

 

For the basic form we take the root of the verb, and in many cases, add the affix -sut- followed by the simple verb endings:

kappia- kappiasuttuuk
to be afraid The two of them are afraid.
   
quvia- quviasuppit?
to feel happy Are you happy?

 

 

Next, there is a more complex form of these verbs that describes who or what is causing that emotion:
kappiagijara
I am afraid of him/her.

For the more complex form, the affix -gi- / -ri- is added to the root verb, followed by a double person ending:

iliragijaatigut kappiagiviuk? piugijara
He/she is intimidated by us. Are you afraid of it? I like it.

Note that -ri- is used after verb roots that end in -q:

mamaqtuq mamarijanga
It tastes good. It tastes good to her.